TURP or Transurethral resection of the prostate is a type of surgery that is done to treat urinary problems that are mostly caused due to an enlarged prostate. In this surgery, an instrument called a resectoscope is inserted into the tube, which carries urine from the bladder. With the help of the instrument, the doctor can see and trim excess prostate tissue, which is responsible for the blockage of urine flow. TURP is an option for those who have moderate to a severe urinary issue that hasn’t been sorted with medication.
Due to the crystallization of chemical compounds in the urine, kidney stones get formed in the urinary tract. PCNL is a procedure that removes stones in the kidney or the upper ureter that are too large to be taken care of by other forms of treatment such as shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy. This technique has a higher success rate when it comes to cleaning all the stones in one shot rather than going for other treatments that require several attempts. The surgery under this method, is performed by making a small incision and results in significantly less post-operative pain and shorter hospital stay.
TURBT is an operation that removes early cancer in the bladder. The surgeon under this procedure removes the tumor in the bladder through the urethra. A thin rigid tube called a cystoscope that has optic fibres in it is put into the urethra. The surgeon then passes small instruments down the cystoscope to cut the tumor out of the bladder lining. This procedure is regarded as the first-line diagnostic test as well as treatment for bladder cancer. For patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, TURBT can be the right option to eliminate cancer.
Most bladder tumors are cancerous. Cystectomy is the procedure to remove the bladder. This procedure is done to treat bladder cancer which has grown into the muscle. Only a portion of the bladder is removed in partial cystectomy, while in radical cystectomy, the entire bladder, as well as the nearby lymph nodes and organs that may contain cancer, are removed. TURBT is the procedure to treat early-stage bladder cancer. Recent Comments
These stones are hard deposits that are made of calcium and other waste products such as uric acid. Although they are small initially but go on to become bigger as and when more minerals start sticking to them. Some stones often pass through the urine without any treatment, whereas some require surgery for removal. Kidney stone surgeries range from Shock Wave Lithotripsy and Ureteroscopy to Open Surgery. SWL is the most common kidney stone surgery for small and medium stones. It follows a non-invasive method. Ureteroscopy, on the other hand, uses a thin and flexible scope to find and remove stones. The surgeon passes the scope through the bladder and ureter to the kidney. Open Surgery, these days, is rarely done for kidney stones, however, if the kidney stone is large, or cannot be crushed through laser or any other treatment, then this surgery is an option.
The surgery for partial or complete removal of the prostate is called a prostatectomy. The most common causes for carrying out prostate surgery are prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate. There are two kinds of prostate surgeries, namely Open Prostatectomy and Laparoscopic Approach. As the name suggests, under Open Prostatectomy, the surgeon makes the incision through the skin and removes the prostate and the nearby tissues, whereas the latter is a minimally invasive surgery that is done with the help of a thin tube and a camera.
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It is an open procedure to remove the bladder stones through a cut which is approximately ten cms. in the lower abdomen. Most bladder stones can be dealt with telescopic procedure, however, if the stones are very large, it is best to perform an open operation. Cystolithotomy is usually performed when the endoscopic approach has not been successful. It can be performed as a single procedure or can be part of another urological procedure namely, prostatectomy.